Chapters
Annual Report 2019

16. Trade and Other Receivables

Accounting Policy

At initial recognition, financial assets are classified as either measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income or fair value through profit or loss. The classification depends on the Group’s business model for managing the asset and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the asset. The Group doesn’t have any assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income.

Financial assets are first recognized on the trade date, the date on which the Group commits to purchase the asset. Financial assets are derecognized when the rights to receive cash flows from the financial assets have expired or have been transferred and the Group has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership. Upon derecognition any gains or loss are recognized in the consolidated Income Statement.

Financial assets at amortized cost

Financial assets at amortized cost are financial assets held within a business model aimed at holding the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows. The dates for these cash flows are determined in the contract and comprise solely payments of principle and interest. Assets measured at amortized cost are initially recognized at fair value plus any directly attributable transaction costs. For trade receivables the transaction price is deemed to be equal to fair value. Subsequently, these assets are carried at amortized cost using the effective interest method less any allowance for expected credit losses.

Interest income on assets measured at amortized cost is recognized, using the effective interest method, in the consolidated Income Statement.

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

Assets that are not included in the financial assets at amortized cost or financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income classes, are classified as fair value through profit or loss. These assets are initially measured and subsequently carried at fair value, with any related transaction costs expensed as incurred. Derivatives are also categorized as fair value through profit or loss unless they are designated as hedges. The Group owns certain limited shareholdings in buildings where it is operating stores. These shareholdings are accounted for against fair value, based on recent transactions. Changes in fair value are recorded in the consolidated Income Statement.

Impairment of financial assets

The Group assesses on a forward-looking basis the expected credit losses on debt instruments measured at amortized cost and at fair value through other comprehensive income. The resulting allowance is generally based on a 12-month expected credit loss. When credit risk on an asset increases significantly the calculation of the expected credit loss is based on the full lifetime of the financial asset.

The Group applies judgement in its assessments of credit risk and expected credit losses based on current and historical data as well as forward-looking estimates. Changes in the allowance are recorded in the consolidated Income Statement with a reduction to the carrying value of financial assets measured at amortized cost, as an expected credit loss provision.

The Group applies the full lifetime credit loss method to trade and other receivables that have a maturity of one year or less. The Group applies the IFRS 9 simplified approach to measuring expected credit losses for trade receivables (i.e. provision matrix).

For other financial assets measured at amortized cost, the Group applies the general approach under IFRS 9. The Group considers the probability of default upon initial recognition of the asset and whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk on an ongoing basis throughout each reporting period since the date of initial recognition, also considering forward-looking information. A significant increase in credit risk is presumed if a debtor is past due in making a contractual payment for a period outside of normal business practices. A default on a financial asset occurs when the counterparty fails to make contractual payments for a period significantly outside of normal business practices.

When using the general approach, for financial assets measured at amortized cost other than trade receivables with a low risk of default and a strong capacity to meet contractual cash flows, a 12-month expected credit loss provision is recognized. For financial assets measured at amortized cost other than trade receivables with a significant increase in credit risk and debtors that have defaulted, the expected credit loss provision is recognized based on lifetime expected credit losses. The amount of the provision is the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows, discounted at the effective interest rate.

Financial assets measured at amortized cost are written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery. This is generally the case when the Group determines that the debtor doesn’t have any assets or other sources of income that could generate sufficient cash flows to repay the relevant amount.

Impairment losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost are included in the selling and marketing costs in the consolidated Income Statement. Subsequent recoveries of amounts previously written off are also credited against the same line item.

The table below shows trade and other receivables:

in thousands of EUR

Notes

31 December 2019

31 December 2018

Current

Non-current

Current

Non-current

Trade receivables

165,044

-

153,738

-

Less: provision for impairment of trade receivables

- 15,861

-

-13,433

-

Trade receivables – net

149,183

-

140,305

Finance lease receivables

12

16,080

48,090

-

-

Receivables related to consumer insurances

40,976

-

47,678

-

Taxes and social security

30,089

-

30,752

-

Supplier and other receivables

34,458

8,630

33,355

11,348

Rental deposits

1,081

25,415

577

24,340

Receivables from related parties

33.1

4,165

-

1,710

-

Loans to management

33.2

-

-

-

1,562

Less: provision for impairment of other receivables

- 414

-

-444

-

Other financial assets measured at amortized cost - net

126,435

82,135

113,628

37,250

Financial assets measured at amortized cost - total

275,618

82,135

253,933

37,250

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

-

1,410

-

1,406

275,618

83,544

253,933

38,656

The carrying value less provision for impairment approximates the fair value of the assets.

Impairment of Financial Assets

The Group has two types of financial assets that are subjective to the expected credit loss model:

  • Trade receivables
  • Other financial assets measured at amortized cost

Trade receivables

To measure the expected credit losses, trade receivables have been grouped based on shared credit risk characteristics and the days past due. The expected credit loss provision for trade receivables is determined as follows:

in thousands of EUR

31 December 2019

31 December 2018

Expected loss rate (%)

Gross Amount

Provision

Expected loss rate (%)

Gross Amount

Provision

Not past due

0%

130,716

59

1%

120,449

1,325

Past due up to 3 months

10%

15,681

1,587

12%

12,324

1,419

Past due between 3 and 6 months

23%

4,247

990

21%

7,311

1,531

Past due between 6 and 9 months

79%

3,596

2,854

58%

4,682

2,707

Past due after 9 months

96%

10,804

10,371

72%

8,972

6,451

10%

165,044

15,861

9%

153,738

13,433

Other financial assets measured at amortized cost

Other financial assets measured at amortized cost generally arise from transactions outside the trade activities of the Group and relate mainly to rental deposits, lease receivables, taxes and social security, other business receivables and loans to management. Business receivables include mainly receivables related to consumer insurance, representing commissions earned on consumer insurances sold and supplier receivables.

Management considers these exposures to have low credit risk since based on limited historical credit losses, these financial assets have low risk of default and have a strong capacity to meet their contractual cash flow obligations in the near term. At reporting date, there is no significant increase of credit risk since initial recognition and as such the Group measured the expected credit loss provision at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses.

No significant changes to estimation techniques or assumptions were made during the reporting period.

Movements on the provision for the impairment of trade receivables and other financial assets measured at amortized cost are as follows:

in thousands of EUR

Trade receivables

Other financial assets at amortized cost

Trade receivables

Other financial assets at amortized cost

2019

2018

At 1 January

13,433

444

11,247

255

Additions to provision for expected credit losses

7,228

-

6,013

190

Receivables written off during the year as uncollectible

- 3,375

-

-2,967

-

Unused amounts reversed

- 1,612

- 28

-1,157

-

Exchange differences

187

- 2

297

- 1

At 31 December

15,861

414

13,433

444

The carrying amounts of the Group’s trade receivables, including provision, by currency :

in thousands of EUR

31 December 2019

31 December 2018

Euro (EUR)

70,846

66,543

British Pound Sterling (GBP)

15,101

12,769

Swedish Krona (SEK)

11,583

5,275

Danish Krone (DKK)

10,003

8,303

Turkish Lira (TRY)

8,852

7,463

Chilean Peso (CLP)

7,413

8,314

Norwegian Krone (NOK)

6,783

7,046

Brazilian Real (BRL)

4,415

6,047

United States Dollar (USD)

3,460

6,166

Other

10,727

12,379

Total

149,183

140,305